The Countess of Lytton (1841-1936), wife of the diplomat the 1st Earl of Lytton, Robert Bulwer-Lytton (1831-1891). He was appointed Viceroy of India in 1876 and was there during the proclamation of Queen Victoria as Empress of India in 1877. He was created Earl of Lytton and Viscount of Knebworth after resigning his Vice Royalty in 1880. Appointed Ambassador to Paris from 1887 to 1891, it was most likely during this period that the Earl acquired the necklace for the Countess. He died in Paris in 1891 and was granted the rare honour of a state funeral.
The Countess of Lytton was Vicereine of India and became Queen Victoria’s Lady of the Bedchamber. She rode with Queen Victoria’s coffin at her funeral. She wore the Lytton necklace at Edward VII’s Coronation in 1902, and became Lady of the Bedchamber to his consort Queen Alexandra.
The 2nd Earl of Lytton (1876-1947) and Countess Lytton (1874-1971), née Pamela Chichele-Plowden. The 2nd Earl served as Governor of Benga between 1922 and 1927 in Simla, where he was born. The Countess was photographed wearing the necklace there in 1925, as well as in an earlier press feature dated around 1912 where the credit reads ‘A new Portrait of the Countess of Lytton’. The article is entitled ‘An Enthusiastic Supporter of ‘Winter Sports as a Christmas Pastime’ and credits her husband as ‘the most expert skater in the House of Lords’.